3/06/2005

Cutting Inspiration Down to Size

When discussing (and berating) with a friend (let's call him Pheobus) the shrill claim of the MSG party's organizers that when 20,000 people say 'yehei shmei rabbah...' together it has an incredible effect in the heavens, we came up with a strong basis for our discomfort with those types of claims.

משנה מסכת ברכות פרק ז

ר' יוסי הגלילי אומר לפי רוב הקהל הן מברכין שנאמר(תהלים סח) במקהלות ברכו אלהים
ה' ממקור ישראל

אמר רבי עקיבא מה מצינו בבית הכנסת אחד מרובין ואחד מועטין אומר
ברכו את ה'

רבי ישמעאל אומר ברכו את ה' המבורך

...R' Yosi of Galilee says: The blessing corresponds to the size of the crowd, as it says (Tehillim 68) 'Bless ye God in full assemblies, even the Lord, ye that are from the fountain of Israel.'

R' Akiva says: It is just like the precedent that is set in our synagogues - whether there are many or few we say 'Bless ye The Lord'

R' Yishma'el says: 'Bless ye The Blessed Lord'

This Mishna (Berachot 7:3) is at the conclusion of a list of different formats for making a mezuman. There's a different format for 3,4,10,11,100,101,1000,1001,10000, and 10,001 people bentching together. The Gemara presumes that the entire list accords only with the opinion of R' Yosi, who believes that the benediction ought to reflect the size of the crowd. R' Akiva and R' Yishma'el, whom the halacha follows, conclude that once a quorum is achieved, the liturgy doesn't recognize the size of the crowd.

The way I understand this dispute, R' Yosi was, understandably, focussed on the magnitude of the event as reflected in the #s. It's a very intuitive and easy way to measure success and quantify an experience. we all do it.

R' Akiva and R' Yishma'el insist that quantity is not the way to measure a religious experience. A minyan is a body that represents all of Israel (relate the laws of Kri'at Ha-Torah to Nechemiah 9-11; Torah reading must be 'public' in order to demonstrate that the torah is public property. 10 adult males constitute that 'public' symbolically. I believe that RYBS has a piece on this in Shiurim Le-zecher Abba Mari Z"l - if someone wants to post an exact mareh makom, by all means). Once there's an acknowledgement of the 'publicity' of the event, it's as though all of Israel is represented, and greater #s don't make it more representational in that respect. #s may be valuable in other respects, but ultimately the #s alone, quantity for quantity's sake, isn't significant in the halakha and its underlying values, at least according to the way we pasken.

Phoebus connected this to the two givings of the luchot in the parshiyot that we read recently. The massive 'publicity' that surrounded the first giving resulted in a type of evangelical quantity-fetishism (my term - almost as good as new-age eco-feminist Judeo-Wiccans, no?) that ultimately led to the people building a golden calf. The second luchot, by contrast, were given privately (be-tzin'a) and stood the test of time

Compare also to the incident w/ Elijah on Mt. Carmel, where God was the greater evangelist on that day, but Ba'al ultimately captured the hearts of those who look for evangelism; shma minah - Judaism isn't an NCSY Shabbaton. Evangelism and Judaism is a bad mix. It's not what we're really about, and we can't beat the Bible-thumpers at their own game anyway (just like God's representative - Elijah - 'couldn't' defeat the Ba'al Movement (oy, vey; terrible pun; but letzonusa de-Avoda Zara is permissible. Just ask the Godol Hador) at this game.

And besides, Phoebus also pointed out (at the last Siyum 7.5 years ago) that the ma'ariv minyan at the end of the Simon & Garfunkel concert in Central Park had a much more impressive yehei shmei rabbah.

15 comments:

Anonymous said...

I get the feeling that the negative sentiments expressed about the siyum hashas has much more to do with party politics than anything else. (Cf. Gidon Rothstein's call to boycott the siyum). Why can't YU people admit that Agudas Yisrael does good things? You don't have to buy into everything, but at least separate the good from the not so good.

Anonymous said...
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Anonymous said...

How do you reconcile all that with "b'rov am hadrat melech"?

Anonymous said...

Good post !

Judaism is not a numbers game.

More is not always better.

Louder is not always better.

The treating of omein yihei shmei rabba as a mantra to be screamed by more and more people to bring miracles seems off the mark, though it seems to have gained alot of ground in the frum, esp. Haredi world of late. The Chofetz Chaim Heritage Foundation (CCHF) has recently started a program promoting the power of it.

The typical reader of their handout gets the impression that saying it 'with all one's strength' does wondrous things.

However, Rashi and Tosfos say that 'with all one's strength' means with all one's kavonnoh - and the intent of the gemara is not to encourage people to just scream the words. While the CCHF publication does mention that, it does not stress it sufficiently, in my opinion.

Therefore many people are being induced to scream it out, notwithstanding the fact that high volume doesn't necessarily mean high kavonnoh (in fact, there may be an inverse relationship at times between them). Also, screaming into the ear of your friend is wrong, just like bands playing too loud at weddings, if it disturbs him.

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Anonymous said...
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Anonymous said...

Oops - sorry for the 3x repetition. I didn't see it appearing at first, so sent it again and again....

ADDeRabbi said...

Don't worry about it, anon.
One good comment with 3x the love.

In defense of CCHF, perhaps they think that deaf people are less likely to listen to/speak LH.

Can anonymous commeners at least number themselves? On this thread, there are 3 different anonymouses (anonymi?) who are clearly at least 2 different people.
Appreciated.

ADDeRabbi said...
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ADDeRabbi said...
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ADDeRabbi said...

ok. joke's over.
i'm deleting multiple comments now.

Shlomo said...

Has seen deaf people 'signing' loshen hara.

Anonymous said...

please look at the kli yakar in bamidbar at the end of perek 10 where he explicitly states that the number 22,000 has a power because of the quantity

Mis-nagid said...

SL, Please don't tell them, or they'll promote the cutting off of hands. Those CCHF people are sick mofos.

Phoebus said...

Hey, last anon: the Kli Yakar doesn't say that 22,000 has special power. He cites the Gemara in Yevamos that says that God does not dwell amngst the Jews if there are less than 22,000. It's referring to the entire nation. It certainly does not say that if you gather 22,000 people for a pep rally God will automatically pay a visit.